A Monitoring and Evaluation Framework for Blended Learning
Pakistan Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training
In November 2020, Pakistan’s Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training (MoFEPT) requested EdTech Hub’s support to develop a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework for a blended learning pilot being deployed in the federal jurisdiction.
This framework is the result of a two-month-long, iterative, and user-centred design process. During this time, EdTech Hub worked with key stakeholders identified by the MoFEPT. These included representatives from the government, teachers, and content providers. This approach was adopted to:
- Ensure the M&E framework aligned with the Pakistani context.
- Foster ownership of the framework among key stakeholders.
- Ensure a group of stakeholders has the knowledge and skills to support future refinement of the framework.
The framework includes the inputs and guidance received from this team of stakeholders, with further refinements informed by international good practices. The result of this process is summarised in Figure 1. The framework comprises seven components, which address the key pedagogical, infrastructural, and procedural objectives of the blended learning project.
Figure 1. Blended learning M&E framework components.
While this document presents a first iteration of the M&E framework, the work completed to date and this document are only one part of a larger process. This process is outlined in Figure 2 below.
Figure 2. Process followed for developing and implementing a monitoring and evaluation framework.
EdTech Hub support has focused on steps 1–4 of this process, with this document outlining the output of Step 4. The remaining steps (operationalising the framework and implementing the framework) will be executed by the MoFEPT in the future. With this in mind, this document attempts to provide some guidance to support the work to be undertaken in later steps.
Figure 1 also highlights how designing and implementing an M&E framework is a cyclical, iterative, process. The framework presented in this document should therefore serve as a living document that can be updated beyond this first iteration. Lessons learned during Steps 5 and 6 are expected to be used to refine the framework as the intervention progresses.